Industry 4.0 & Advanced Manufacturing

Advantage Tamil Nadu

A large segment of India’s manufacturing sector is based in Tamil Nadu

  • Major international companies like BMW, Renault Nissan and Hyundai have production facilities in the State.
  • Domestic manufacturers like TVS and Ashok Leyland also have their production bases here.

The sector has historically been a leader in using advanced manufacturing processes

  • Tamil Nadu is home to a robust IT and software industry.
  • This industry supports the Industry 4.0 revolution by providing software solutions, analytics capabilities and skilled tech talent.

The Tamil Nadu Government is proactively promoting Industry 4.0

  • It has launched multiple initiatives and policies to boost investments in manufacturing and technology.
  • These efforts make Tamil Nadu more appealing for industries looking to transition towards Industry 4.0.

Infrastructural strengths

  • The State has multiple industrial corridors.
  • There are numerous incubation and R & D centres in place.
  • This infrastructure facilitates advanced manufacturing needs.
  • Tamil Nadu is second largest contributor to India’s GDP.
  • It has four international airports
  • Two domestic airports
  • Four major sea ports
  • 18 minor sea ports
  • 2,53,510 km of roads

An evolving Startup ecosystem

  • Many Startups in the State are focused on key areas of Industry 4.0, including AI, IoT, Robotics and Data Analytics.

Tamil Nadu actively seeks international collaboration

  • The State is looking to partner with countries known for advanced manufacturing expertise.
  • The focus is on technology transfers, investments and joint ventures.

Sector Incharge

Aneesh S R



Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 represents the fourth industrial revolution. While the first three revolutions were driven by steam, electricity and computing, respectively, Industry 4.0 is driven by cyber-physical systems. The main components of Industry 4.0 include:

  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Cyber-Physical Systems
  • Big Data and Analytics
  • Cloud Computing
  • Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)
  • Robotics and Automation
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Simulations

Advanced Manufacturing

Advanced Manufacturing is the use of innovative technology to improve products or processes, with the relevant technology being described as advanced, innovative or cutting-edge. Advanced manufacturing industries increasingly integrate new innovative technologies in both products and processes. The rate of technology adoption and the ability to use that technology to remain competitive and add value define the Advanced Manufacturing sector. Key elements include:

  • Automation and Robotics
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Digitalization and Data Analytics
  • Advanced Materials
  • Smart Manufacturing Systems
  • Sustainable Manufacturing
  • Biomanufacturing


Industry 4.0 presents a multifaceted challenge that requires a comprehensive transformation across every step of the value chain in every sector. This challenge opens significant opportunities for entrepreneurs, investors and Startups. Furthermore, innovations in Industry 4.0 are pivotal to driving this change.

Industry 1.0

  • Mechanisation
  • Water and Steam Power

Year – 1800

Industry 2.0

  • Mass Production
  • Electric Power
  • Assembly Line

Year – 1900

Industry 3.0

  • Computer
  • Automated Production
  • Electronics

Year – 2000

Industry 4.0

  • Cyber-Physical Systems
  • Robotics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Big Data

Year – 2020


Union Government

Make in India: This initiative is intended to facilitate investment, foster innovation, build best in class infrastructure and make India a hub for manufacturing, design and innovation.

Industrial Corridor Development Programme: Greenfield industrial regions/aeas/nodes are being developed with sustainable infrastructure under this programme.

Smart Advanced Manufacturing and Rapid Transformation Hub (SAMARTH Udyog Bharat 4.0) is an initiative of the Union Ministry of Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises for enhancement of competitiveness in the Indian capital goods sector. Five centres with a unique identity are functioning under the scheme to spread awareness of Advanced Manufacturing among Indian industries.

They include the Centre for Industry 4.0 Lab, Pune; Centre of Excellence in Advanced Manufacturing, IIT-Kharagpur.

State Government

  • Subsidy for Fund Raising from SME Exchange
  • Support for development of mini tool room
  • Financial assistance for participation in international trade fairs – reimbursement provided for 50% of the rent paid towards stall or space charges, subject to a maximum of Rs 15 lakh per international trade fair/ exhibition.
  • Subsidy provided for 75% of the cost of filing the application for patent registration, subject to a maximum of Rs 3 lakh.
  • Incentives for setting up new cluster units on the outskirts of towns and cities:

Grant of up to 50% of the total development cost, subject to a maximum of Rs 15 crore is provided for obtaining infrastructure facilities like roads, drainage, culverts, stormwater drains, street lights, water supply, electricity, conference halls, training halls and other common facility centres.


  • Tamil Nadu Industrial Policy 2021
  • Tamil Nadu Aerospace and Defence Industrial Policy 2022
  • Tamil Nadu R&D Policy
  • Industries, Investment Promotion and Commerce Department – Policy Note 2023-24


  • FabLabs (StartupTN)
  • Centre of Excellence (TIDCO)
    • TANSAM (Tamil Nadu Smart and Advanced Manufacturing)
    • TANCAM (Tamil Nadu Centre of Excellence for Advanced Manufacturing)
    • TAMCOE (Tamil Nadu Advanced Manufacturing Centre of Excellence )
  • Guidance Tamil Nadu (AM HUB)
  • Tamil Nadu Technology Hub (iTNT)
  • SIPCOT (Industrial Innovation Centre)